A centrifuge machine is a laboratory instrument used to separate components of a liquid or suspension based on their density and particle size. It achieves this separation by spinning samples at high speeds, generating centrifugal forces that cause heavier particles to settle towards the bottom of the sample tube.
A centrifuge machine operating at 4000 RPM (revolutions per minute) refers to the rotational speed at which the machine spins the sample. RPM is a measure of how fast the centrifuge rotor rotates during the separation process. A higher RPM generally leads to greater centrifugal forces and faster separation.